GLOBAL EVIDENCE REVIEWS: FULL PEER-REVIEWED PAPER: INTERVENTIONS TO PREVENT VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS

This paper examines the evidence base for the effectiveness of interventions to prevent violence against women and girls. This rapid assessment is designed to inform the violence prevention research agenda and establish a baseline of the state of knowledge and evidence. The paper is based on a rapid review of existing evidence on the impact of interventions that aim to prevent VAWG, or address key risk factors for such violence. The focus of the review was on IPV, non-partner sexual violence and child abuse.

Access the full paper here.

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‘EH! I FELT I WAS SABOTAGED!’: FACILITATORS’ UNDERSTANDINGS OF SUCCESS IN PARTICIPATORY HIV AND IPV PREVENTION INTERVENTION IN URBAN SOUTH AFRICA

Participatory approaches to behaviour change dominate HIV and intimate partner violence prevention interventions. Research has identified multiple challenges in the delivery of these. In this article, Andrew Gibbs, Samantha Willan, Nwabisa Jama-Shai, Laura Washington and Rachel Jewkes, who are all connected with Stepping Stones and Creating Futures, which is being evaluated care of a What Works grant, discuss how facilitators conceptualize successful facilitation and influence critical consciousness.

Access the article here.

CONCEPTUALISING VIOLENCE: A HOLISTIC APPROACH TO UNDERSTANDING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS

It is essential that researchers and activists working in the area of violence against women and girls (VAWG) adopt clear definitions that adequately recognise the variety, scope and impact of violence on women and girls, their families, communities and societies. In this paper, we examine contributions to understandings of violence from a number of disciplines which have shaped and informed the most common conceptualisations of VAWG today.

Access the article here.

CREATING A WORLD FREE FROM VIOLENCE

Violence against women and girls can be prevented. New studies have shown that carefully designed interventions, which focus on transforming gender norms and work at multiple levels, can significantly reduce women’s experience of violence within one to two years. These interventions show great promise for our goal of creating a world free from violence as envisaged in the Sustainable Development Goals.

Access the article here.

IN THE NEWS

What Works’ presence at the SVRI Forum and its activities across the 16 Days of Activism and the ratification of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals offered us a great opportunity to spotlight some of the work we are doing in the press, here are some highlights:

At the SVRI Forum in Cape Town

Rachel Jewkes was interviewed on day one of the SVRI Forum on Power FM, one of South Africa’s biggest commercial radio stations, you can listen to the interview here.

Our What Works blog covered day one of the SVRI Forum.

Thomson Reuters Foundation interviewed Rachel Jewkes and MRC researcher Yandisa Sikweyiya for a piece which went up on the wire and was picked up around the world.

And the SVRI Forum was elegantly wrapped up by Emma Fulu on her Huffington Post blog.

On the Sustainable Development Goals and across the 16 Days of Activism

Emma Fulu reflected on the impact of the Sustainable Development Goals on her Huffington Post.

Marat Yu, of Business for Social Responsibility (BSR) wrote about his floor visit when observing a HERhealth training in a ready-made garment (RMG) factory in Bangladesh.

Andy Gibbs, of South Africa’s HEARD Gender Equality and HIV Prevention Programme, wrote a powerful blog for What Works on the impact of helping young people in South Africa strengthen their livelihoods.

Rachel Jewkes reflected on the Sustainable Development Goals on the DFID blog as the 16 Days of Activism began.

Our #perfectworld campaign was posted on Guardian Witness.

And Gemma Ferguson from Equal Access wrote an insightful piece on working with academics for The Guardian Development Professionals Network.

From What Works: VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises

Mairi MacRae, women’s rights activist, working at the IRC and Director of What Works to Prevent VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises, wrote in the Huffington Post, on the question of: what happened to women and girls during Typhoon Haiyan?

From What Works: Economic and Social Costs of VAWG

Jennifer McCleary-Sills celebrated the progress made to end VAWG over the past 20 years, but highlighted the long road still ahead.

OVERALL UPDATE

The end of October 2015 saw What Works to Prevent VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises complete its first year of implementation. As well as finalising and publishing our study on preventing and mitigating VAWG in the humanitarian response to Typhoon Haiyan (see above), we completed the formative research for the mixed methods prevalence study in South Sudan (led by the Global Women’s Institute) and the mixed methods evaluation of task-sharing in comprehensive case management in Dadaab refugee camps, Kenya (led by the APHRC and LSHTM).

2016 promises to be a big year for us as we start and complete data collection for our studies in South Sudan and Kenya. We also hope to carry out an impact evaluation on cash transfers and women’s protection for our study on the links between VAWG and peacebuilding and statebuilding.

NATIONAL ADVISORY BOARD MEETING IN GHANA

A meeting of the Ghana National Advisory Board for Component Three: Economic and Social Costs of VAWG was held on 12th of October, 2015. The meeting was convened with the support of the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Protection. Stakeholders at the meeting included representatives of Government organisation, representatives of key NGO networks working on VAWG, activists, key service providers including police, known advocates and well-known academics. Members expressed great interest in both understanding the economic and social costs, as such evidence will be critical in advocacy for a comprehensive response on VAWG. There was equally strong interest in the research on impact of a community based interventions, COMBAT, being undertaken by Component 1.

LAUNCH OF WORKING PAPER SERIES

Component Three launches their working paper series with the publication of the first working paper: Conceptualising Violence: A holistic approach to understanding violence against women and girls. This paper considers the conceptualisation of violence from early sociological and political science perspectives through to the public health and human rights approaches. It considers the limitations of narrow and discipline-specific understandings of violence against women and girls and argues for a broader approach that recognises the inter-relations between forms of violence at the domestic, local and international levels. Working papers are available here.

NATA DUVVURY SPEAKS AT GLOBAL SUMMIT ON ENDING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN: BUILDING ON PROGRESS TO ACCELERATE CHANGE

Dr. Nata Duvvury, Director of Component 3, was invited to present on the costs of violence against women and girls at the Global Summit on Ending Violence Against Women in Istanbul held on 9th and 10th of December 2015. The Summit, organised by UN Women in partnership with the Government of Turkey, was the penultimate event of the Beijing 20+ review in 2015 as well as the end of the 16 Days of Activism. Dr. Duvvury spoke on the need for rigorous estimates of the impacts of violence against women as well as robust estimates of the required resources for a comprehensive response to end violence against women.

COMPONENT THREE AT IAFFE 2016

The International Association for Feminist Economics (IAFFE) will hold its 25th Annual Conference at NUI, Galway 24-26 June 2016. The Annual Conference brings together key policy makers particularly from multi-lateral organisations and UN agencies, academics, advocates and activists. The theme of the conference is Transitions and Transformations in Gender Equality, providing a provide umbrella to showcase What Works research. The call for papers is here.